Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world today. In fact, according to research, in any 10 sexually active adults, there’d be at least one person suffering from the virus. HPV, as it is popularly referred to, is highly transmittable and has a huge tendency of causing complications.
HPV has been classified into two major groups, both of which are specified based on the risk factor and control level; the high-risk HPV and the low-risk HPV types. The high-risk type of HPV is regarded as the most dangerous and most difficult to curb and control. According to medical practitioners, this type of HPV sometimes leads to the development of cancerous cells in the genitals. They pose a greater threat to the health of the carrier and if not reported early, could potentially lead to death.
The other class of HPV is the low-risk type. This class is regarded as the most common type of the disease and is most easily transmitted. Although it does not pose as much threat as the high-risk type, this class is also very uncomfortable and sometimes disgusting. There are 100 different types of HPV strains, 40 of them are low risk type.The low-risk HPV most times lead to the development of warts in specific regions of the body, especially in the genitals.
Most classes of HPV tend to disappear on their own after some time while some others might need more medical attention. Those that disappear on their own may have been vaccinated against the virus. Their immune system fights the virus, especially if they had been infected by that particular strain of HPV.
The question now is, how would you know if you have been infected? How would you know if you have been carrying the virus for a while? Although most people develop some visible symptoms, a few people don’t show any symptoms of HPV at the early stages..
How Do I Know If I have HPV?
It has been estimated that over 50 percent of sexually active people are infected with HPV some of whom might not even know are infected. HPV can be quite tricky to detect sometimes because it is possible for carriers to not show symptoms, especially if it is the low-risk type.
The general symptoms of HPV are the presence of warts. These warts vary in shapes, locations, and sizes and can be found in delicate parts of the body, especially the genitals. Most of the times, these warts appear as rough growth or bumps. They are not painful but they itch and can be irritating.
It is important to note that the primary symptoms of HPV are the development of warts in various parts of the body. Genital warts occurs in moist areas. They can grow on the following areas; penis, scrotum, groin, thighs, inside or around the anus, Vagina, Cervix.
Affected persons might also feel the following, in or around the genital areas; foul smell vaginal discharge, itching, bleeding after intercourse, burning sensation around the area.
Infection of HPV strains that cause genital warts could be avoided by being vaccinated at an early age. Adults who have not had their first sexual experience can also be vaccinated. Persons who have not been vaccinated face a high chance of developing the disease. They could contact genital warts, and this infection comes with its own treatment methods.